EA_Impaired-Driving7

DUI Enforcement  Play VIDEO

Impaired Driving

THE OVERVIEW

From 2008 to 2012 there were 17,503 fatal and severe injury collisions in South Carolina; over one-fourth (25.8%, or 4,521) involved an impaired driver. In 2009, the number of alcohol-impaired driving fatalities decreased to 374, a decline of 6.5%. The number of alcohol-impaired driving fatalities increased in 2012, to 348 fatalities, a 15.9% increase from the previous year (2011). Despite this increase in 2012, the number of alcohol-impaired driving fatalities remains 10.5% less than it was in 2008. The number of alcohol-impaired driving fatalities in 2012 was 3.1% lower than the average of the previous four years (359 from 2008 to 2011). From 2008 to 2012, 1,848 people were killed in alcohol- impaired driving crashes in South Carolina, and 3,759 were severely injured. According to NHTSA, 348 persons died in alcohol-impaired driving collisions during 2012, making up 40.3% of the total number of fatalities for the year. This represents an increase from 2011, when 309 (37.3% of the total) persons were killed in alcohol-impaired driving collisions. Unless otherwise stated, the data presented in this section was obtained from the state traffic collision master file.


OUR CHALLENGE

South Carolina has one of the highest alcohol-impaired driving fatality rates (per 100 million vehicle miles traveled) in the country. The average rate from 2008 to 2010 for South Carolina was more than twice that of the national average. Males in the 20-29 age group continue to be over-represented in fatal and severe injury impaired driver-related crashes. While it may be plainly evident that the most frequently reported cause of impaired driver-related collisions was driving under the influence, the second- and third- highest contributing factors were speeding and roadway departure. In fact, DUI was the leading cause of roadway departure collisions from 2008 to 2012.

Almost half of the people killed and severely injured in impaired driver-related fatal collisions were aged 15-34. Seven out of ten impaired drivers in fatal crashes were male.

Nineteen counties accounted for almost half (49.2%) of the impaired driving-related fatal and severe injury collisions. Greenville County had the highest percentage of impaired driver-related fatal and severe injury collisions (8.1%), followed by Horry (6.9%), Lexington (6.0%), Richland (5.8%), Spartanburg (5.3%), Anderson (4.8%), and Charleston Counties (4.4%).

OUR STRATEGIES

Education, Enforcement, Engineering and Emergency Management Services

1 Enforce and educate drivers on DUI laws.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

1.1   Increase the number of nighttime public safety checkpoints.

Implementation Area(s):  Education,  Enforcement



1.2  Publicize and enforce zero-tolerance laws for drivers under age 21.

Implementation Area(s):  Engineering



1.3  Utilize variable message boards to publicize campaigns and checkpoints.

Implementation Area(s):  Engineering,  Enforcement



1.4  Conduct aggressive/increased enforcement targeting impaired drivers at high-crash/risk areas.

Implementation Area(s):  Enforcement

 

2 Minimize risk of fatalities and severe injuries related to impaired driver collisions.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

2.1   Implement roadway departure strategies.

Implementation Area(s):  Engineering



2.2  Develop and implement a corridor safety model in high-crash locations where data suggests a high rate of impaired driving collisions.

Implementation Area(s):  Engineering,  Enforcement,  Education

 

3 Enhance law enforcement training in alcohol and drug detection.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

3.1   Support Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) program.

Implementation Area(s):   Education,  Enforcement



3.2  Train all law enforcement officers in Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFST).

Implementation Area(s):  Education



3.2  Educate officers to recognize drivers who are required to have an Ignition Interlock Device and verify device and license compliance.

Implementation Area(s):  Education,  Enforcement


4 Identify and reduce instances of underage drinking and driving.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

4.1   Publicize prosecution and/or enforcement activities of the Alcohol Enforcement Teams (AET).

Implementation Area(s):  Education,  Enforcement



4.2  Educate parents about the liability of social hosting.

Implementation Area(s):  Education



4.3  Increase enforcement of laws prohibiting alcohol sales to minors.

Implementation Area(s):  Enforcement

5 Educate drivers on the dangers of drinking and driving.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

5.1   Educate drivers on the dangers of drinking and driving.

Implementation Area(s):  Education,



5.2  Develop and implement statewide alcohol education and enforcement programs.

Implementation Area(s):  Education



5.3  Continue support of national, regional, and state DUI public information and educational campaigns (e.g. Sober or Slammer!).

Implementation Area(s):  Education,  Enforcement

6 Support improvement to the judicial/adjudication process of impaired driving cases.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

6.1   Continue Traffic Safety Resource Prosecutor program.

Implementation Area(s):  Public Policy,  Education



6.2  Research the benefits of establishing a Judicial Outreach Liaison.

Implementation Area(s):  Public Policy



6.3  Establish model DUI court program that can be replicated statewide.

Implementation Area(s):  Public Policy

 

7 Maintain the existence of the Impaired Driving Prevention Council (IDPC) and implement the recommendations from the Impaired Driving Assessment.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

7.1   Continue active participation in the IDPC.

Implementation Area(s):  Public Policy



7.2 Review and implement, when possible, the recommendations from the 2013 Impaired Driving Assessment.

Implementation Area(s):  Public Policy,  Education,  Enforcement



7.3 Implement the most recent state impaired driving plan (approved by the IDPC).

Implementation Area(s):  Public Policy

8 Provide timely, accurate, integrated, and accessible data.

STRATEGIES (HOW)

8.1   Implement interface with SC Courts to transmit DUI citation data electronically.

Implementation Area(s):  Public Policy