Intersection & Other High-Risk
Roadway Locations

Railroad Crossings

See also: INTERSECTIONS, WORK ZONES


The Overview

In South Carolina, from 2008 to 2012, vehicle-train crashes accounted for 17 fatalities and 32 severe injuries. As a result of the railway crossing inventory performed by the Federal Highway Administration in the 1970s, each state could develop engineering projects with the goal of reducing train-vehicle collisions. The Railroad-Highway Grade Crossing Program was established to address highway-rail grade and crossing safety nationwide. In South Carolina, the program includes approximately 2,600 public crossings. The SC Department of Transportation was charged with inspecting every public crossing for appropriate traffic control.

MAP-21 continued the annual set-aside for elimination of hazards at Railroad-Highway Grade Crossings from the state’s HSIP apportionment. Funds are eligible for projects at all public crossings. Fifty percent of the funds must be used for the installation of warning devices at Railroad-Highway Grade Crossings


Our Challenge

From 2008 to 2012, vehicle-train fatal and severe injury collisions totaled 27. In almost 41% of those collisions, the contributing factor was driver disregarding sign or signals.

OUR STRATEGIES

Education, Enforcement, Engineering and Emergency Management Services

1 Reduce the number and severity of railroad crossing crashes.

Strategies (how)

1.1   Provide proper clear zone.

Implementation Area(s):  Engineering



1.2  Improve median cross-slope and/or install barriers where left side roadway departure crashes occur.

Implementation Area(s):  Engineering



1.3  Improve median cross-slope and/or install barriers where left side roadway departure crashes occur.

Implementation Area(s):  Engineering



2 Increase public education and awareness of railroad crossing safety.

Strategies (how)

2.1   Continue coordinated efforts with Operation Lifesaver and coordinate with media to increase public education of railroad crossing safety.

Implementation Area(s):  Education,  Public Policy



2.2  Research automated enforcement at railroad crossings.

Implementation Area(s):  Education,  Public Policy,  Enforcement



2.3  Improve emergency response times in rural locations.

Implementation Area(s):  Emergency Response